cyber safety class 11
Q 1. Should you use a nickname when you log on to the Internet ?
ans. Yes. It is always a good idea to use a nickname when we log on to the Internet. This will make it difficult for identity thieves to find us.
Q 2. When you shop you always check the security of the website before you enter personal and credit card information. Comment.
ans. Yes. We should always check that the site we are shopping on is ssecure. One way is to check if the URL starts with https://. Another way is to check the browser’s window to see if a closed padlock is visible.
Q 3. Is it all right to give your name, address and birth date when registering to use a website online ?
ans. No. It is never a good idea to give out your birth date on the internet. Most websites request this as an option. Protect yourself from identity thieves and ignore this request.
Q 4. Robin wanted to gift his friend a football or wrist watch. So he searched for many advertisements about sports items and wrist watches.
But after that everything he goes online, his web browser shows him advertisements about sports items and wrist watches.
(a) why is this happening ? (b) How could have Robin avoided them ?
(c) How can Robin get rid of this now ?
(a) This is happening because third party cookies saved his search prefences and now website are posting advertisements based on his preferences.
(b) Robin could have avoided this by privately browsing i.e., opening the web browser in incognito mode before searching for such things.
(c) Now Robin can delete all the previous history and cookies stored on his computer. This would stop websites posting advertisements.
(a) Nivedita has become a victim of cyber bullying and cyber stalking.
(b) She must immediately bring it into the notice of her parents and school authorities. And she must report this cyber crime to local police with the help of her parents.
Q 6. Describe following Cybercrimes :
(a) Cyber Bullying (b) Cyber stalking
(a) Cyber bullying refers to act of online harassment of someone by using online tools such as Internet, email, instant messages, chat rooms or social networking sites etc. Cyber trolling, which means posting-, demeaning- or insulting- comments about someone, is also considered form of cyber bullying.
(b) Cyber Stalking refers to online stalking where someone uses Internet, chat rooms, social networking sites, emails etc. to stalk his/her victim. Cyber stalker follows the victim online everwhere and keeps posting/sending something which are unsolicited.
Q 7. What do you understand by identity theft ?
ans. Online identity theft refers to an act of stealing someone’s personal information such as name, login details etc. and then posing as that person online. Whatever online activity happens after this is thought to be of the person whose identity details are stolen and being used.
With online identity theft happens one can gain access to other personal information (name, login details, Adhaar number, credit card information, etc.) and use this information for illegal activities such as harassing others or stalking others or for conducting cybercrimes etc.
Q 8. What measures should one take to avoid and maintain confidentially of personal information ?
ans. Some common measures that one can take to protect one’s identity online are :
- Never open suspicious text or emails – always delete them.
- Never send money or give credit card, online account details or copies of personal documents to anyone you don’t know or trust.
- Choose passwords that would be difficult for others to guess, and update them regularly. Don’t use the same password for every account, and don’t share them with anyone.
- Secure your networks and devices with anti-virus software and a good firewall.
- Avoid using public computer or Wi-Fi hotspots to access or provide personal information.
- Be very careful about how much personal information you share on social network sites.
- When making online payments, only pay for items using a secure payment service- look a URL starting with ‘https’ and a closed padlock symbol, or a payment provider such as PayPal.
GLOSSARY (cyber safety class 11)
Cookie – A small text files on a computer storing small piece of information related to online habits of the user
Private browsing – A type of browsing wherein browser opens in incognito mode and does not store cookies about your online activity
Cybercrime – Any criminal offense involving the use of, electronic communications or information’s systems or Internet etc.